Atlantic White Cedar - References

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This web page contains publications that are cited in various sections of this AWC website.  Entries highlighted in blue are linked to pdf files that can be opened by clicking on the reference.  Other publications are included as good historical sources of information about AWC, and might not be easily accessible to most readers. 

A bibliography of AWC literature was compiled by George Zimmermann (2006), Professor of Environmental Studies with Richard Stockton College of Nrew Jersey. The document contains about 500 citations.  Eventually, Zimmerman’s bibliography will be updated.  If readers notice pertinent references to AWC that have been omitted, please provide sufficient information to the webmaster so the reference(s) can be added to the bibliography.

Akerman, A. 1923. The white cedar of the Dismal Swamp. Virginia Geological Commission, Office of the State Forester. University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA. 21 p.

Anonymous. 1907. A trip through the varied and extensive operations of John L. Roper Lumber Company in eastern North Carolina and Virginia. Amer. Lumberman. Amer. Lumberman. April 27 issue. p. 51-114.

Baines, R. A. 1989. Prospects for white cedar: a North Carolina assessment. School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Duke Univ., Durham, N.C. FOREM. 13(1). 8-11.

Bamford, G.T. and S. Little. 1960. Effects of Low Thinning in Atlantic White-Cedar Stands. USDA Forest Service. Forest Research Notes. 104. 4 p.

Belcher, R. T. and B. Poovey. 2009. Atlantic white cedar salvage efforts in the Great Dismal Swamp following Hurricane Isabelle. p. 59-70. In: Zimmermann, G. L. (ed.). Proceedings: The ecology and management of Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides) ecosystems. Symposium, 06-08 June 2006, Atlantic City, N.J. The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, Pomona.

Bohn, D. and R. Petschek. Kinsey Photographer: a half century of negatives by Darius and Tabitha Kinsey with contributions by son and daughter Darius, Jr. and Dorothea. Vol. 1: The family album & other early work. 319 p.

Burke, Marianne K.; Sheridan, Philip, eds. 2005. Atlantic white cedar: ecology, restoration, and management: Proceedings of the Arlington Echo symposium. . U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. Asheville, NC. 74 p.

Colimore, E. 2013. Sandy victims: stately cedars. Philadelphia Inquirer. 25 Feb 2013.

Conner, W. H. 1998. Impact of hurricanes on forests of the Atlantic Gulf Coasts, USA. 271-277. Oxford Univ. Press, NY.

Davis, K. N., B. Henderson and S. Daniel. 1997. Inventory of Atlantic white cedar remnant stands in North Carolina. U. S. Air Force.

Defebaugh, J. E. (ed.). 1907. Inventory of Atlantic white cedar remnant stands in North Carolina. 655 pp.

Early, L.J. 2004. Looking for longleaf: the fall and rise of an American forest. 321 p.

Finch, Bill, Young, B.M., Johnson, R. and J.C. Hall. 2012. Longleaf, far as the eye can see: a new vision of North America's richest forest. 176 p.

Frost, C.C. 1987. Historical overview of Atlantic white cedar in the Carolinas. pp. 257-26. Westview Press, Boulder, Col.

Frost, C.C. 1995. Presettlement fire regimes in southeastern marshes, peatlands, and swamps. p. 39-60. IN: S. I. Cerulean and R. T. Engstrom (eds.). Fire in wetlands: a management perspective. Proc. 19th Tall Timbers Res. Conf. Tall Timbers Res. Sta., Tallahassee, Fla.

Glass, S. V. and S. L. Zelinka. 2010. Wood Handbook: wood as an engineering material. Moisture relations and physical properties of wood (Chapter 4). IN: Gen. Tech. Rep. U. S. Department of Agric,. Forest Products Lab, Madison, Wis.

Gonzalez, J. S. 2004. Growth, properties, and uses of western red cedar (Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don.). Forintec Canada, Corp., Vancouver, B.C. Spec. Publ. SP-37R.

Greis, J. G., Brown, M. J., and Bentley, J. W. 2012. Cypress facts for the South, 2010—forest inventory and analysis factsheet. e-Science Update SRS060. Asheville, NC: U.S. Dept. of Agric., Forest Serv., Southern Sta.

Hall, W. L. and H. Maxwell. 1911. Uses of commercial woods of the United States. I. Cedars, cypresses, and sequoias. USDA For. Serv. 62 p.

Johnson, T. G. 1990. Forest statistics for the southern Coastal Plain of North Carolina. Southeastern For. Expt. Sta., Asheville, NC. 52 p.

Johnson, R. 2012. Restoring Atlantic white cedar in the landscape: lessons learned from the Longleaf Alliance experience. On-line Proceedings: The Ecology and Management of Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides). Triennial Symposium, 12-14 June 2012. Suffolk, VA. NC State University, Forestry and Environmental Outreach Program, Raleigh, NC.

Korstian, C. F. 1924. Natural regeneration of southern white cedar. Ecology. 5. 188-191.

Korstian, C. F. and W. D. Brush. 1931. Southern White cedar. USDA Tech. Bull. 251. 75 pp.

Kretschmann, D. E. 2010. Wood Handbook: wood as an engineering material. Mechanical properties of wood (Chapter 5). IN: U. S. Dept. of Agric., Forest Products Lab., Madison, Wis.

Krinbill, H. R. 1956. Last exclusive cypress sawmill now within sight. Southern Lumberman. 60(3). 44, 62.

Krinbill, H. R. 1956. Southern white cedar: the forgotten tree. Southern Lumber J. 60(11). 26, 28, 36, 45.

Kuser, J. E. and G. L. Zimmermann. 1995. Restoring Atlantic white-cedar swamps: techniques for propagation and establishment. Tree Planters Notes. 46 (3). 78-85.

Laderman, A. D. 1989. The ecology of Atlantic white cedar wetlands: a community profile. U. S. Fish & Wildlife Serv. Biological Rpt. 85(7.21). 114 p.

Lilly, J. Paul. 1981. A history of swamp land development in North Carolina. In C. J. Richardson (ed.). Pocosin wetlands: an integrated analysis of Coastal Plain freshwater bogs in North Carolina. p. 20-39.

Little, Silas. 1950. Ecology and Silviculture of Whitecedar and associated hardwoods in Southern New Jersey. Yale University, School or Forestry, New Haven, CT. 133 p.

Little, S. 1959. Silvical Characteristics of Atlantic White-Cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides). U. S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 16 p.

Little, S. and H. A. Somes. 1965. Atlantic White-Cedar Being Elinated by Excessive Animal Damage in South Jersey. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 3 p.

Lowie, C., B. Poovey, and R. T. Belcher. 2009. Challenges and Success of Atlantic White-Cedar Restoration at the Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. . On-line Proceedings: The Ecology and Management of Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides) Ecosystems. NC State University, Forestry and Environmental Outreach Program, Raleigh, NC.

Motzkin, G. 1971. Atlantic white cedar wetlands of Massachusetts. Mass. Agric. Expt. Sta., Univ. Massachusetts, Amerst. 53 pp.

Mylecraine, Kristin A. and George L. Zimmermann. 2000. Atlantic shite-cedar Ecology and Best Management Practices Manual. New Jersey Forest Service, Trenton, NJ. 85.

New Jersey Forest Service. 1997. Forest health action update: Atlantic white-cedar Decline. NJDEP, Division of Parks and Forestry, NJ Forest Service.

Phillips, R. W., J. H. Hughes, M. A. Buford, W. E. Gardner, F. M. White, and C. G. Williams. 1998. Atlantic white cedar in North Carolina, USA: a brief history and current regeneration efforts. p. 156-170. Oxford Univ. Press, N.Y.

Pinchot, G. and W. W. Ashe. 1897. Timber trees and forests of North Carolina. N. C. Geol. Surv. 227 p.

Pinelands Forestry Advisory Committee. 2006. Recommended Forestry Management Practices . Pinelands Forestry Advisory Committee. 79 p.

Ruffin, E. 1861. The origin and manner of geological formation of the great swamps of the Atlantic Coast. p. 155-249. N. C. Agric. and Geol. Survey, Raleigh. Printed at the Institution for the Deaf & Dumb & the Blind, Raleigh, NC.

Schoepf, Johann David. Morrison, A. J. (Translator and editor ). 1911. Travels in the Confederation, 1783-1784. Vol. 2. 344 p.

Sheffield, R. M., T. W. Birch, W. H. McWilliams, and J. B. Tansey. 1998. Chamaecyparis thyoides (Atlantic white cedar) in the United States: extent and characterization using broad-scale inventory data. . p. 111-123. Oxford Univ. Press, N.Y.

Thompson, M. T. 1990. Forest statistics for the northern Coastal Plain of North Carolina. USDA For. Serv., Southeastern For. Expt. Sta. 52 p.

United States Dept. of Agriculture, Forest. Prod. Lab., Madison, Wis. 2007. Skyhorse Publishing, N.Y.

Ward, D. B and A. F. Clewell. 1989. Atlantic white cedar in the southern states. Florida Scientist. 52(1). 8-47.

Ward, D. B. 1989. Commercial utilization of Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides, Cupressaceae). Economic Botany. 43(3). 386-415.

Whitehead, D. R. 1972. Development and environmental history of the Dismal Swamp. Ecol. Monogr. 42. 301-305.

Widmann, R. H. 2005. Forests of the Garden State. USDA, Forest Serv., Northeastern Res. Sta. 24 p.

Williams, R. W. 2012. Ecological management of Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides (L.) B.S.P.). On-line Proceedings: The Ecology and Management of Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides) Ecosystems. NC State University, Forestry and Environmental Outreach Program, Raleigh, NC.


Atlantic White Cedar Initiative
Campus Box 8008, Raleigh, NC 27695-8008
919-515-9563, 919-515-7793

Last Update: October 10, 2013 9:32 AM